深圳热线-世界的深圳,我们的热线.

QA:俄罗斯是否足够强大到可以教训土耳其?

QA:俄罗斯是否足够强大到可以教训土耳其? Is Russia powerful enough to punish Turkey

2020-09-04 地平线123 14853 0 0 收藏 纠错&举报

译文简介

俄土关系讨论,俄罗斯在经济军事和能源上是否能向土耳其施加影响力

正文翻译

Militarily, Russia is in no shape to punish Turkey.

在军事上,俄罗斯无法惩罚土耳其



Russia's main strength is ground forces, but it has no land access to Turkey (Russia's military transports are very limited).
Turkey has the second largest (and fourth most powerful) military in NATO.
Turkey is a NATO member, and an attack on Turkey would automatically be an attack on NATO (which is considerably more powerful than Russia by any metric).
Russian forces in Syria are relatively weak, vulnerable to Turkey and rely on supply lines that Turkey can shut down at war time.

俄罗斯的主要力量在于他的地面部队,但他没有通往土耳其的地面通道。(俄罗斯的军事投送能力极为有限)。
土耳其拥有北约规模第二大的军事力量,军事力量在北约内部可排第四。
土耳其是北约成员国,对土耳其的攻击将被自动视为是对北约全体成员国的攻击(从任何角度来讲,,北约都比俄罗斯强得多)。
俄罗斯在叙利亚的军事力量相对薄弱,容易遭到土耳其的攻击。在战时,土耳其可以切断俄罗斯依赖的补给线。



Russian tourism to Turkey
Russian natgas supplies to Turkey

前往土耳其的俄罗斯游客
俄罗斯向土耳其供应的天然气。


Turkey can't realistically replace Russian tourism, but Russian tourism has been in a tailspin in 2015 anyway because of the cheap ruble and economic trouble in Russia. Many Russian tourist agencies went bankrupt as early as Fall 2014, and Russia's second largest airline (Transaero) went belly up in October 2015. So, Russia's leverage over Turkey has decreased by a lot even before the Su-24 debacle. People in Russia threaten Turkey with billions in losses, but when reminded that Russia has already suffered hundreds of billions in losses, they recall that Russia has seen worse.

俄罗斯旅游业虽然不能被完全取代,但自2015年以来,由于俄罗斯卢布贬值和国内的经济困境,俄罗斯旅游业不断地萎缩。早在2014年秋季,俄罗斯旅行社纷纷倒闭,2015年10月,俄罗斯第二大航空公司(俄罗斯全禄航空公司)也遇到了同样的命运。因此,早在苏24被击落之前,俄罗斯对土耳其的影响力就已经大幅下降。俄罗斯威胁要让土耳其遭受数十亿美元的损失,但当人们提醒俄罗斯他们自己已经遭受了数千亿美元的损失时,俄罗斯人回应到俄罗斯遇到过比这更艰难的时刻。



评论翻译

Robbert Michel
On the economic side, the Russian ban on tourism to Turkey could even be to Turkey's benefit, as people in Europe have been trying to avoid places with a lot of Russian tourists for years.

在经济上,俄罗斯对土耳其的旅游禁令甚至可能是土耳其的福音,因为欧洲人多年以来一直以来都在回避有大量俄罗斯游客的地点。


Siddharth Singh
"as people in Europe have been trying to avoid places with a lot of Russian tourists for years."
I haven't heard of that before. Can you please tell why is it so?

“因为欧洲人多年以来一直以来都在回避有大量俄罗斯游客的地点。”
我从来都没有听说过有这种事。你能解释一下为什么会这样?


Viktor Radchenko
Russian tourists are famous for their bad behavior. They are really bad and freak out others - Germans, French you name it - and of course Ukrainians :) Just google it or see some youtube videos.

俄罗斯游客以举止粗鲁而闻名。他们真的非常糟糕,让人抓狂-德国人,法国人,当然还有乌克兰人,只要你说的出来,没有一个不讨厌俄罗斯人的。只要谷歌一下,或者看一下油管的视频就知道了。


Aleksandar Mastilovic
Reading what you wrote, it seems like Turkey is a military superpower while Russia is crumbling, poor and weak. Are you sure you're not extremely biased in your views on Russia?

看到你写的东西,让人感觉土耳其才是军事超级大国,而俄罗斯只不过是一个正在衰弱,又穷又弱的国家。你确定你对俄罗斯不存在极度的偏见?